World environment day is celebrated every year on 5th of June and the theme of this year is “Ecosystem Restoration“. It is celebrated to generate awareness of the environment and nature.
Ecosystem restoration is a process of reversing the degradation of ecosystems, such as landscapes, lakes and oceans to regain their ecological functionality; in simple words, to improve the productivity and magnitude of ecosystems to meet the needs of the public.
Restoration can happen in many ways- naturally as well as manually. Natural restoration include natural events such as rain or sunlight whereas the manual restoration includes the efforts from mankind. This is the most essential form of restoration as it focuses particularly on the loose ends of the environment. It is also an effective form of removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. Not only this, restoration can help us achieve all of the Sustainable Development Goals.
The coronavirus lockdown has proven that joint man effort can really do wonders to the environment. For instance, the reduced carbon emission has significantly dropped the bar for greenhouse catastrophe. Scientists have confirmed that air quality in certain regions has improved. 11% of the greenhouse gas emissions attributable to aviation, but with the cut down of international travel, this percentage has reduced magnificently. Also to help residents trying to avoid public transportation, many cities have closed off streets for pedestrians and increased bike lanes, thus saving energy as well. Thus, Green recovery in several countries paved way to control the global rising temperature.
What is our role?
When we talk about our role in ecosystem restoration, a large sector of opportunities starts blooming ahead of us. There’s absolutely nothing a man couldn’t do to help environment recover from the atrocities forced upon. The first and foremost thing we can emerge ourselves in is green lifestyle. Going green is the best way to reduce carbon emission, reduce plastic waste and also improve the air quality. Additionally, repairing and replanting wetlands, creek beds, forestland, and other habitats restoration can help bigtime in biodiversity conservation.
Planting rain gardens to absorb rainwater running off roofs helps save water for future usage. Plus monitoring pond and lake habitats is also one way of ensuring no pollution in the area. Schools play a major part in a child’s development thus frequent sessions on Ecosystem Restoration can help young people learn how they are connected to their environment. Education on sustainability can engage children in efforts to recover ecosystems in their nearby areas.
People have to understand that restored environments may take years to function without human intervention and may never be the same as they used to be. But continuous efforts can make a difference one day.
ALSO VISIT: Agricultural production is not a miracle